More than 80,000 contaminations worldwide, including more than 3,000 deaths. Since January, the coronavirus has been spreading worldwide. Here’s what we know about Covid-19.
What are the symptoms?
The main symptoms of Covid-19 are fever, cough, tightness or choking, sometimes accompanied by chest pain. The patient may also experience headaches, aches and pains and fatigue. In the most serious cases (which mainly concern the elderly or already ill people), patients may also suffer from respiratory distress syndrome or acute kidney failure. The incubation period lasts on average 5 or 6 days, sometimes with peaks of up to 12 days. For this reason, the duration of quarantine has been set at 14 days.
Comment se transmet le virus ?
The virus is transmitted in two ways. First, through the air, with the sputum being evacuated when sneezing or coughing. Close contact with a sick person is, therefore, necessary to transmit the disease, i.e. less than one meter when coughing, sneezing or talking in the absence of protective measures.
Finally, through direct contact. This is why we recommended that you avoid touching your face, nose, and mouth because your hands may have been in contact with a contaminated surface.
What are the barrier gestures?
- The first thing to do: wash your hands regularly with soap and water or, failing that, with a hydroalcoholic gel. And especially not in haste! It takes 30 seconds to rub your nails, fingertips, palm, outside of hands and between fingers. Finally, after washing, dry your hands with a clean towel or in the open air.
- Second barrier gesture: coughing or sneezing into your elbow, this avoids depositing germs on your hands that can be transmitted to other people. If this is not possible, it is better to cough into a tissue before throwing it in the trash. Likewise, you should blow your nose on a disposable handkerchief, dispose of it immediately in the trash (preferably with a lid) and wash your hands afterward.
- Last thing you should do: wear a mask, but only if you are ill. It prevents the disease from spreading, but under no circumstances can you protect yourself from it. You must change the mask every four hours.
- Finally, the government recommends avoiding handshakes and hugs when greeting each other.
What should you do if you return from a risk area?
If you have been in an area where the virus is actively circulating (China, South Korea, North Italy, Iran…), you should respect certain rules. First of all, take your temperature twice a day and watch for the appearance of symptoms, wear a mask in the presence of those around you or if you have to go out, avoid contact with vulnerable people (pregnant women, chronically ill, elderly people…) and favor teleworking for 14 days after your return. Children should not go to nursery school or school.