How is GAD treated?

  • The most effective treatment for GAD is cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT), with an emphasis on teaching people how to reduce and manage worry
  • Other psychological treatments include components of CBT, such as education about anxiety, learning to reduce physical symptoms, problem solving training and other worry control strategies, and assistance with lifestyle changes
  • People who receive psychological treatments such as CBT generally maintain the benefits they receive from treatment over time and may reduce or eliminate medication usage
  • Medication such as busipirone (an anxiolytic agent) and antidepressants from the tricyclic and selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRIs) classes may also be prescribed for some people with GAD. Benzodiazepines may reduce the worry and anxiety symptoms, but overuse may lead to dependence